A chemical peel is a technique used to improve and smooth the texture of the skin. Facial skin is mostly treated, and scarring can be improved. Chemical peels are intended to remove the outermost layers of the skin by use of a chemical exfoliant that wounds the dermis and epidermis.

There are four basic types of chemical peels:

Superficial peel: Alpha-hydroxy acid is used to penetrate only the outer layer of skin to gently exfoliate it. The treatment is used to improve the appearance of mild skin discolouration and rough skin as well as to refresh the face, neck, chest or hands.

Medium peel: Glycolic or trichloroacetic acid (TCA) is applied to penetrate the outer and middle layers of skin to remove damaged skin cells. The treatment is used to improve age spots, fine lines and wrinkles, freckles and moderate skin discoloration. It can also be used to smooth rough skin and treat some precancerous skin growths.

Deep peel: Tricholoracetic acid or phenol is applied to deeply penetrate the middle layer of skin to remove damaged skin cells. The treatment removes moderate lines, age spots, freckles and shallow scars. Patients will see a dramatic improvement in skin appearance. The procedure is used on the face and can only be performed once.

Salicylic peel: this uses beta-hydroxy acid (BHA). It is very beneficial in clearing blocked pores, skin brightening, refining texture, eliminating p-acne bacteria, and is an amazing anti-inflammatory.

Chemical peels are specifically used for acne scars, aging skin, crow’s feet, hyperpigmentation, melasma, scars, sun-damaged skin, sagging skin and wrinkles.